Day 3:12th April:
Greece has always been a country which has had a tremendous influence on the world, be it as an integral part of ancient civilisations, or as an extended empire that ruled half the world, or be it through their economic attrocities (=:P)!!
The Grecian Empire stretched all across the southern part of Europe from Spain, Greece, Italy, Egypt, Turkey, Armenia and a host of countries above the Black Sea!!
This note is dedicated to the Greeks who’ve lived beyond their times and left an indelible mark on the Turkish Landscapes. Although these lie in ruins today, they’ve been recreated for everyone to see.
The expanse of the Greek civilisation and their level of sophistication brought a sense of peace and order into the nomadic Turkish way of life.
These are the Greek Monuments that MINIATURK has recreated for you, me and everyone to see 😀
Library of Celsus in Ephesus: (Photo 2-5)
The library, which was constructed in the years 115-117 during the Roman period, is located at Ephesus (Efes) near Selçuk in the Aegean province of Izmir. It is famous for its magnificent facade which appears to consist of two storeys. Examinations of the ruins have revealed that the structure had three storeys. Rolled scriptures were stored in niches in galleries on the upper stor. The reading hall of the library was destroyed by earthquakes in the third century. The facade was then used as the back wall.
Temple of Artemis: (Photo 1,6,7)
Built in the ancient city of Ephesus – present-day Efes in the Aegean region of Izmir – the temple dates back to 334-250 B.C. Also known as the Artemision, the temple was numbered among the seven wonders of the world in antiquity. After the first temple was burnt down in 560 B.C., a new temple of the same size but three meters higher than the original was built on the same site. It was the biggest temple of the Hellenic period. It was demolished by Goths in 262 A.D. and was never restored.
Halicarnassus Mausoleum: (Photo 9,11)
The mausoleum which dated back to the 4th century B.C. was one of the seven wonders of the world in antiquity. The wife of Persian governor Mausolus (from whom we derive the word ‘mausoleum’) had it built in Halicarnassus – now Bodrum – in memory of her husband. The construction reflected an effort to challenge the magnificence of the Egyptian pyramids. When the wife of the governor was also buried there, the sarcophagus section was locked with a special mechanism.
The Altar of Zeus in Pergamon: (Photo 10,12)
It was built between 197-159 B.C in the ancient city of Pergamon in what is now the Bergama district of Izmir province. The monument, which describes the victories of the king of Pergamon and is dedicated to Zeus and Athena, contains representations of all the Greek gods. With its Ionian style columns, the altar has the most magnificent examples of reliefs from Hellenistic sculpture and, in particular, from the Bergama school of sculpture. It was discovered by German excavators in 1871 and taken to Berlin.
Aspendos Theatre(Photo 13):
The theater built in the 2nd century A.D. near present-day Antalya is the most important structure of the ancient city of Aspendos, which was located 6 km to the east of Serik. It was constructed during the reign of Emperor Antonius Pius. The city was founded by the Argos civilisation as a river port in 5th century B.C. The theater still remains today with its stage intact. An interesting fact is that stone tablets were used for tickets here.
These replicas and just the way they were kept made me feel so grateful that i was able to see great pieces of work and get an insight into ancient civilisations (=which has been a fav to read in those dusty ol’ History books 😉
But there is more of Miniaturk to come, this was only half the story, You’ve yet to see Istanbul, Ottoman relics outside Turkey, The Victory and War Museum and get an insight into the great Mustafa Kemal Pasha Ataturk, the revolutionalry who changed a nation and its thinking!!!